The rise and fall of the ancient Chinese towns are one of the most typical, vivid, and intuitive portrayals of the long-standing and splendid part of Bashu civilization . In ancient times, Sichuan, with relatively developed small- scale peasant economy and handicraft industry, had fertile soil and abundant products. They created the prosperity of Sichuan?s traditional fair trade and promoted the development of the town and its market. Sichuan has a large number of towns with a long history and a considerable scale. The construction of the ?Ten Ancient Towns? is a silhouette. For Chengdu Plain, which is reputed as ?the one town in ten miles? is even more evident.