This superbly researched book gives a complete account of the war in the Mediterranean on, above and beneath the sea up until Italy's armistice in September 1943. Written with full access to Italian sources, it not only provides a detailed and fascinating narrative of the entire naval war, but also sets the individual actions fully in their strategic context for both the Axis and the Allies. Topics include: ? The complex and distrustful relationship between the Italians and their German allies which culminated in open conflict after the Italian armistice in 1943. ? The battle for Malta, and that island's vital strategic role threatening Axis supply lines to North Africa. ? The exploits of the Italian human torpedoes of the X MAS flotilla, which threatened to change the balance of power in the Mediterranean. This book is essential reading for all those interested in one of the major naval theaters of the Second World War.