The Sacred Wood: Essays on Poetry and Criticism is a collection of literary essays written by T. S. Eliot. Originally published in 1920, these essays explore various aspects of poetry, literary criticism, and the nature of artistic expression. The collection is a significant work that sheds light on Eliot's views on poetry and provides insights into the modernist literary movement. "The Sacred Wood" is significant not only for its exploration of specific poets and literary traditions but also for its broader contributions to the theory of poetry and criticism. Eliot's essays are characterized by their erudition, intellectual rigor, and a desire to reevaluate and rejuvenate literary traditions in the face of a changing cultural landscape. The collection remains a cornerstone in the study of modernist literature and literary criticism.